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CBT in a nutshell

We can broadly define CBT as a combination of cognitive and behavioural therapeutic approaches used to help clients modify limiting, maladaptive thoughts and behaviours, ones that are often inconsistent with consensual reality (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979). The basic premise of CBT is that troublesome emotions are difficult to change directly, so CBT targets emotions by changing the thoughts and behaviours that are contributing to the distressing emotions. Generally considered a short-term therapy, CBT often consists of about 8 to 12 sessions in which client and therapist work collaboratively to identify problem thoughts and behaviours. The therapist then uses the ... Read More

For most of the two percent of Australians affected by panic disorder, the onset was during their teens or early twenties. It is twice as common in women as men. Not everyone who has panic attacks will develop panic disorder, as some people will have just one attack and never have a recurrence. The tendency to incur panic attacks appears to be inherited (The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, 2009). The symptoms, stated below, can be very disabling, and sufferers of attacks are advised to seek help as soon as possible after an attack, or the recurrence of ... Read More

By Dr Debra Bath, Senior Lecturer Right from an early age, we get a clear message from the world around us that being old isn’t so great, at least in Western society. Our mothers worry about getting wrinkles and use day creams, night creams, vitamin creams and highly scientific, or perhaps natural and organic, concoctions to cover up the visible signs of aging. Our fathers often resist retirement. I remember my Nana once saying to a young garage attendant, “I am not an old woman! I can do that myself!”, as he offered to help her with the fuel pump. ... Read More

As a counsellor/therapist, doctor, allied health professional (or just a caregiver) of a depressed older adult, you are undoubtedly wondering what you can do to encourage them to help themselves. The following list is a compilation of strategies and tips culled from sites specialising in caring for the depressed elderly. You may wish to discuss the options named with your client and generate further options with them in session. Alternatively, you may wish to print out the list and give a copy to either the depressed person (if s/he is your client), or their caregiver (if that person is). Helping yourself ... Read More

If a suicide-bereaved person does end up in your therapy rooms, what are the counselling tasks that will need to be worked through with them? Below we look at Worden’s (2005, in AIPC, 2010) general guidelines, which contribute to the effectiveness of grief counselling whatever the circumstances of grief and loss have been. 1. Help the bereaved accept the reality of the loss We have repeatedly described the shock and denial of the death that occur, even in healthy individuals, following on from a loved one’s death. Obviously, clients need to identify with the death before they can begin the arduous journey ... Read More

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